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UK offers financial aid to Libya

libyaFive years after the Libyan Revolution toppled longtime autocrat Muammar Qaddafi leaving the country without a central government and witnessing the expansion of ISIS inside its borders, the UK has announced a $14m ( £10m) funding package to support the new UN-backed administration in Libya. BBC reported this.
Britain’s Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond, who made a surprise visit to the country, said it included $2m to tackle illegal migration, smuggling and organised crime.
BBC reported that a further $2.5m would be used to support counter-terrorism activities.
Mr. Hammond also discussed the administration’s plans for rebuilding the economy and restoring public services, his office said in a statement.
It will be recalled to you that on February 15, 2011, protesters gathered in Benghazi, the second largest city in the country, to protest the Libyan government’s arrest of human rights lawyer Fethi Tarbel. Demonstrations in Tunisia and Egypt gave Libyans hope for change. But government forces responded with rubber bullets and water cannons, and after protests only grew, authorities turned to lethal force. Demonstrators picked up arms from government arms depots, and a number of military officials defected. Soon, Libya was embroiled in a civil war, with the Libyan air force bombarding the rebels.
American and European forces got involved in March that year and disabled Libya’s air force. NATO took control of military operations later that month and set the stage for the rebels to push back against Qaddafi’s forces. In August, the rebels took over the capital city of Tripoli and captured Qaddafi’s headquarters, but the country’s longtime leader’s whereabouts were still unknown. Finally, on October 20, Qaddafi was found and killed by rebel fighters in his hometown Sirte.
In June 2014, Libya held parliamentary elections with liberal and nationalist politicians winning the majority of seats. Voter turnout was remarkably low due to the threat of violence. Clashes broke out soon after, as Islamist militias conducted a coup d’etat in Tripoli in support of the parties that lost in the elections.
Since then, Libya has operated without a central government. Instead, the country has two rival governments and a rapidly-increasing ISIS presence. Meanwhile, the south has witnessed clashes between the Tuareg and Toubou tribes, resulting in heavy casualties.

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